Glaucoma Austin TX
Glaucoma is one of the biggest causes behind blindness in individuals who are over the age of 60, but glaucoma is also an eye condition that many patients don’t know a lot about. In order to take good care of your vision, it is good to take a few moments to get to know glaucoma, who is at risk, and a little about diagnosis and treatment. At Northwest Hills Eye Care in Austin, TX, we want to help everyone have a better understanding of glaucoma so we can help them avoid an undiscovered problem.
What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye health condition that affects the primary optic nerve. Two primary forms of glaucoma exist: open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma. Angle-closure glaucoma is usually a sudden-onset problem and considered an emergency. Open-angle glaucoma, the most common form, is a slowly progressing disease.
Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma
- Eye pain
- Visual disturbances
- Blurred vision
- Occasional eye pressure or pain
- Slow vision loss
Who Is Most at Risk for Glaucoma
Anyone can get a glaucoma diagnosis, but the condition is most common among African, Asian, or Hispanic Americans. People may also be more at risk of glaucoma if:
- They smoke or live with someone who smokes
- They are over the age of 60
- They have a family history of glaucoma
- They have been diagnosed with certain medical conditions like diabetes or heart disease
Glaucoma Diagnosis and Treatment
Glaucoma is diagnosed by an optometrist who will perform a series of tests, including visual assessment of the retinal nerve and measurement of intraocular pressure. Even though there is no cure for glaucoma, treatments may help slow progression and delay the threat of blindness. Treatment may include:
- Surgery to relieve pressure on the optic nerve
- Eye drops
- Oral medications
Reach Out to Us About Glaucoma Treatment and Diagnosis in Austin, TX
While glaucoma may be the leading cause of blindness, this eye health condition is one that can be treated to slow the progression. However, prompt diagnosis is critical. If you would like to know more about your risks of glaucoma, reach out to us at the Northwest Hills Eye Care office to schedule an appointment.